Mexico -- Geography --
Official name: United Mexican States
Capital: Mexico City; population in Mexico City 22-25 million (according to some studies - the largest city on the planet)
Language: Spanish, in rural areas are still talking over 50 dialect - nahuatl, maya, otomi, mixteco, zapoteco. In urban areas a high proportion of the population understands and speaks English
Official currency: Mexican peso
Religions: -Christians - 95.6 percent (of them Catholics 94.4 percent and 5.6 percent Protestant)-other - 4,4%
Population: -TOTAL (2007) - 108 700 891
-density - 55 d/km2
Territory: 1 964 375 sq. km
Coordinates: -19 ° 03'-north latitude -99 ° 22'-W
Total length of coastline: 9 330 km
Limits: -north - the U.S. - 3100 km. (Goes to the river Rio Bravo, known in the U.S. as Rio Grande, the longest border in the world between two countries with a growing and the other the most developed economy, in particular sectors of the border wall is built, where they killed meksikantsi trying to pass illegally in the U.S., the second Berlin Wall in the world.)
-southeast - with Guatemala and Belize
-West - with
-east - the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea
Relief: two main mountain ranges - Western Sierra Madre, which reaches a height of 3150 meters and the Eastern Sierra Madre, 4056 meters high to extinct volcanoes Popokatepetl - 5452 meters, and Ihtatsihuatl -5286 meters are located near Mexico City. The high central plateau between two mountains is historic for Mexico and its population is concentrated in the country. North of the plateau is 900 meters high and south reaches up to 2400 meters in the mountains rise high above 5000 meters. The plateau is situated in seismic zone and earthquakes are common phenomenon. Between Western Sierra Madre and the Pacific stretches coastal plain, wide in places up to 50 kilometers. Here is the largest port in Mexico - Veracruz. Northwest of it rises the highest peak in the country, Pico de Oritsaba - 5610 m
Climate: varied because of differences in relief, maritime influence in the northern regions of the country extremely dry, in climatic terms Mexico is between North American continent and Central America and is distinguished by great diversity in climate. Warm ocean waters over Golfshtrom taking place near the shores of the Atlantic in Mexico, also affect the climate, the coast of the Gulf of Mexico climate is pleasant, warm air masses over the bay affect the climate on the continent. There are dangerous sea storm
Rainfall: rains to wallow in the period from May to November. South humidity is high.
Natural Resources: oil, natural gas, silver, gold, lead, zinc, cadmium, mercury, timber
Vegetation: tropical rain forests, subtropical vegetation and moderate in the high plateau, dry steppe vegetation in northern states (prevalence of the desert flora), oaks and conifers - in forests and mountain slopes
Animal World: on-ironclad, tapir, opossum, puma, jaguar, bear, several types of monkeys, deer, wild pigs, snakes, insects, malariynite mosquitoes, sea elephants
Territorial division: 31 states
Mexico -- History --
Nearly 1500 before Christ in Mexico appear first communities who subsist primarily by farming. People get new techniques to increase agricultural yields, including terracing of land on the slopes of the hill areas and creating artificially irrigated vegetable gardens, called chinampas first real tsivilizovani communities in the areas of Mexico are those of olmekite who lived in the lands of today's states Tabasco and Veracruz. Olmekskata center of civilization is the town of La Venta, erected over tresavishtata of Tabasco. Around the middle of the first millennium before Christ olmekite disappear as the reasons for this remain unknown.
1519 - 1521 years - Mexico was conquered by Spain.
On 16 September 1810 Catholic priest Micah Hidalgo Kostilya announce the independence of Mexico in the small town of Dolores. The declaration was officially directed against France, which manages Spain by Napoleon's brother and an official goal is independence from France, left Spanish colony. However, the conflict escalated and soon the Mexican nation is fighting for full independence from Spain. Liberation War until 1821 then the country officially receive their independence - to declare independence from Spain and change the name of the State of Mexico. In 1829 slavery was abolished.
After years of political instability and separatism, especially in the southern province Yukatan and north into Texas. Texas residents, mostly English speaking, declared independence from Mexico in 1836 In 1846 Texas was annexed to the United States voluntarily, which later causes a war between Mexico and the United States. Mexico lost the war and according to the signed peace agreement should give the U.S. territory of present-day states of California, Nevada, Utah and most of Arizona, New Mexico and Colorado.
During the 60-ies of the 19-century Mexico falls briefly under French occupation, but was finally rejected in 1872 Following a period of prosperity and industrialization. He began developing the oil deposits and construction of the rail network. However Zamogvat mainly middle and higher classes, while much of the population, mostly Indians, live in hunger and miserable conditions. At the time, managed proevropeyski moods Porfirio Diaz. 4 mandate of undemocratic governance, breach of freedom of speech and press and the growing differences between poor and rich, tension grows. The turning point was the experience of Diaz to win the 5-term and dishonest way in through elections in 1910 Izbuhva revolution in which the federal army was defeated, but after many years of conflict between the revolutionary forces united previously against the government. It all ends in 1929, when all the heroes of the revolution united and created the National Revolutionary Party, later renamed the "Institutional Revolutionary Party.
Rough period of early 20-century was followed by 40 years rapid economic growth, despite several serious collapse due to mismanagement, the latest of which, in 1995 a serious impact on the confidence of foreign investors enter the nationalization of the oil industry under the hat State company Pemeks.
Institutional Revolutionary Party for the first time loses majority in parliament in mid 90-ies. In 2000, for the first time after 70 years, the party lost presidential elections. Vicente Fox was elected, a member of the NATIONAL party action. Currently president of Mexico is Conservative Felipe Calderon.
Mexico -- Economy --
Mexico is 13th in the world economy, 8iya exporter of goods and 5iya producer of oil. From 1994 onwards the country maintain relative macroeconomic stability with growth of 3 percent and 4 percent GDP growth rate for 2005 g.BVP of Mexico is among the highest for Latin Amerika.Stranata that call and back yard of the U.S. " was second after South Korea in growth of GDP.
Mexico is one of the most developed in Latin American countries.
After the bottom should shoot up
Then "the effect of tequila" as financial analysts called the crisis threatening to leave almost indelible mark on the state of the country for decades ahead. Mexico, however, able to face up after less than 15 years his back positions developing and promising economy. Today the country sombrero and tequila ranks among the 11-te, provisionally called by U.S. investment giant Goldman Sachs markets of the future. Treasury presented a survey that ranked the fastest growing markets in recent years, including Mexico occupies the sixth place. Economy of Mexico ranks of 14-o place in the world according to data from last year. The gross domestic product (GDP) of the country for 2004 exceeds one trillion dollars as reported by the World Bank. At the top of Goldman Sachs country is topped only by South Korea in this indicator - GDP for 2006 equals 851 U.S. dollars billion to 887 U.S. dollars billion. for the Asian country. Mexico marks a steady growth from 2001 onwards, shows a report of the World Bank. In this period, GDP increased by 4.2, 3.0 and 4.8 for 2004, 2005 and 2006 economic growth for the period 2001 - 2006 is 4.6 percent.
According to a report of the World Bank, Mexico has the largest income per capita in Latin America. The economy is dominated by the private sector, as in recent years, a substantial increase in investment in infrastructure - building roads, airports, railway crossings, telecommunications, power. Mexican economy is export oriented, with more than 90 percent of production in the country is certified by free-trade agreements (FTA-free trade agreements), concluded with over 40 countries - Japan, Israel, the U.S. and countries in South America .
Mexico is a member of the North American Free Trade Association - NAFTA. The partnership of the country in the NAFTA guarantees about 90 percent of exports and 55 percent of imports of goods.
Mexico is the only Latin American country State of the EBRD. From 2004 has the status of observer in yuzhnoamerikanskata FTA with Mercosur and the tendency to become a permanent member.
Leading economic loan production and processing of oil and gas (4th place in the world in oil reserves). The state oil concern of Mexico "Petroleos Mehikanos" opened huge new oil deposits in the Gulf of Mexico. They can double the reserves of the country, and production of oil to compete with that of Saudi Arabia. "Pemeks" or "Petroleos Mehikanos, provides about 40 percent of revenue in the country.
The deposits are about 54 million barrels per raw fuel and with total reserves of Mexico could reach 102 billion barrels per.
That would put Mexico on a level with world oil producers like Iraq, UAE, Kuwait and Iran. According to experts of the Mexican company, the country may reach production levels like those of Saudi Arabia - 7.5 million barrels per day or Russia - 7.4 million barrels per.
Has great importance and the extraction of mercury (3rd place in the world), silver (4th place in the world), coal, iron ore, sulfur, uranium, gold, copper, lead and others. The country act Petroleum (over 200 plants) and chemical factories, enterprises of ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy and others. Are well developed and mechanical engineering, electronics, textile and food industries. In the industry employed more than 15 percent of the working population in agriculture - 30 percent. For crops used 30 percent of the land, while 50 percent is pasture.
Crop: cotton, coffee, sugar cane heneken, maize, wheat, soybean, vegetables, citrus crops, bananas.
Livestock: Livestock farming is pasbishtno 9 destination for meat and leather.
Is grown coarse and small cattle. Fishing, catching marine products.
Major ports: Acapulco, Altamira, La Paz, Mansanilyo, Santa Cruz, Tampico, Veracruz, Progreso, Tukspan.
External trade exchange of Mexico for 2003 is 375 billion USD. Recipient of which imports were 190 billion USD. Recipient and exports 185 billion USD. e. Major foreign trade partners of Mexico are: USA, Canada, Japan, Spain, China, Venezuela, Chile, Brazil, Germany, Italy, Korea and France.
Main exports: oil and petroleum products (15% of exports for 2005 and 28 percent of revenues), industrial goods, silver, cotton, coffee, vegetables and fruits to the United States, Canada, Spain, Japan, Venezuela, Chile, Brazil . About 80 percent of Mexican exports are directed to the United States.
Main imports: metalworking, machining and agricultural machinery, steel sections, agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, vehicles, aircraft and spare parts for them, steel and industrial products from U.S., Germany, Japan, Canada, the Republic of Korea, Italy, France.
The economy of Mexico has increased by 2.8 percent in the second quarter of the year. The agricultural sector reported growth of 4.4 percent.
1. Mexico to the world
At present, Mexico is one of the few rapidly developing countries which has signed free trade agreements with the U.S., EU and Japan. In addition, agreements with most countries of Latin America, with the EFTA States and Israel. This network of trade agreements cover a very large share of foreign trade.
Mexico is the only country in Latin America, which is a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to which it acceded in 1994 is also an active member of the World Trade Organization.
Macroeconomic fundamentals of Mexico to stable.
Mexico is one of the main directions for the inflow of FDI in the world. As a recipient country, Mexico has the highest share of FDI in Latin America (174 billion EUR) .- as the main sources of foreign investment are the U.S., EU and individual countries in Latin America.
Strategic geographical location on the border with the U.S. is a big advantage for Mexico. Mexico is a significant political, economic and cultural player in Latin America and is expected to weather its role in global affairs to increase. The economy is fully integrated to NAFTA.
2. EU and Mexico - strategic partnership
In the middle of the 90-year contracts EU agreement on economic partnership, political coordination and cooperation with Mexico, which was signed in 1997 and entered into force in 2000 To enable the EU to strengthen economic and trade positions in Mexico.
In 2007 and 2008 individual Member States and the European Commission held in Mexico several official visits of high level.
Significant capacity in science and technology development and diversity of scientific fields make Mexico attractive partner for Europe. Initiated programs in areas such as human rights, culture and development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs), trade facilitation and others.
Mexico operates on the global scene, participating in group G8 + G5. In close cooperation with Mexico could help achieve consensus on key regional issues between the EU and Latin American partners.
Global agreement creating a free zone between Mexico and the EU, which covers as goods and services. In the years Agreement, bilateral trade between the EU and Mexico grew by more than 100 percent. Therefore Mexico has become one of the most important trade partners of the EU in Latin America, has substantial growth potential. The EU is the second largest trading partner after the United States of Mexico.
Flows of FDI from the EU increased by 120 percent and now EU is the second largest investor in Mexico after the United States. In 2006 it signed a new framework agreement between Mexico and the EIB, which provides a framework for cooperation in infrastructure and environmental protection.
The Agreement contains several provisions aimed at further liberalization of trade relations between the EU and Mexico in services, investment and agricultural products. In November 2004 the parties agreed to begin negotiations to implement these arrangements. Once these agreements are implemented, they will provide a more dynamic environment for business operations and will be successful addition to the existing opportunities for market access.
In Heiligendamm G8 leaders and leaders of Brazil, China, India, Mexico and South America - grouped by External Relations 5 (now G5), decided to initiate a new thematic dialogue. G8 + G5 resolve this dialogue to debate four questions. Innovation and intellectual property rights (promotion and protection of innovation) Investments and Social Responsibility (promoting cross-border investment and responsible behavior in business); Development (common understanding and performance); Energy Efficiency (exchange of knowledge to improve energy efficiency and cooperation technologies to reduce emissions of CO2.
3. Mexico - first growth in the residential sector in Latin America
Against the background of crisis in the largest economy in the world Mexico registered a record growth in the housing sector and it narazhda first on this indicator in Latin America, which is a sign of economic stability and exit for investors seeking a way to escape the economic downturn in the United States. Many giants, including the largest public pension fund in the U.S. - California Public Employees Retirement System, has already invested millions in projects in Mexico.
The market in Mexico is at an early stage of development and there are many ways for the continuation of this trend because there are still great demand, says expert from Standard & Poor's.
Business returns to Mexico City.
The market for real estate in Mexico City, most employees complete their year in modern history, with excess supply of land for offices, press down prices and attract companies to move headquarters, in particular the Paseo da la Reforma, historic avenue that once they have left.
225 metrovata Torre Mayor, the highest building in Latin America to the new center of HSBC, companies moving to the longest and most important avenue, starting from the recently restored Historic center to the outskirts of Santa Fe, the main competitor to space for offices.
"This year marked a record in renting and purchasing area offices" said Pedro Azkyu, director of Latin American real estate company Jones Lang LaSalle. / Ft.com
4. German funds opened Mexico
German investors keep a group of European funds to Mexico, incitement of good economic growth of the country and return high quality assets. German funds are also the most aggressive buyers, which combined with their early footing in the market gives them a better chance than other European companies, commented Tim Giford, director of investment properties in Latin America and the Caribbean. While State players as GE Real Estate, part of a conglomerate "General Electric, and denvarskiyat entrepreneur logistical estate Prolodzhis" (ProLogis) is a long time in Mexico, largely thanks to its geographical proximity, European investors only now put this part of its investment map.
Mexican office sector attracts the interest of their very special, offering the possibility of institutional funds for acquisition of investment assets with rentals along the lines of North America in five-to ten-year terms with fixed prices in dollars, commented Giford. "For foreign buyers interest in Mexico was motivated by profitability - they seek a higher value than offered in Europe. improving economic situation in the country, growing middle class and growing demand for office areas fuel interest, "he says.
Class A offices in cities like Mexico City and Monterrey bear yield of about 8 to 9 percent compared with less than 5 percent in most Western cities (yield is the annual percentage return, expressed as annual net income to capital value of property).
As a result, German real estate funds and European and Middle Eastern pension funds already looking good investment opportunities. European investors usually interested in major property assets as quality offices. Middle Eastern companies are more willing to consider different types of assets, including residential properties and hotels.
Union Investment Realty esteyt "(Union Investment Real Estate AG) - the former Fund DIFA Deutsche immobilien fonds" (DIFA Deutsche Immobilien Fonds AG), is the most active German investor in Mexican real estate. In October it acquired an office of 23 thousand sq. meters of Paseo de la Reform "- one of the main boulevards of Mexico City, about 87.5 million dollars.
Since the introduction of the Mexican Union Investment Market in April 2005 with the purchase of 30 percent share of the complex with mixed uses Torre Mayor in Mexico City fund invested 350 million dollars in Bulgarian properties.
Union Investment's interest and shopping centers because of the growing purchasing power in the country. Offices are attractive because rents are traditionally paid in U.S. dollars rather than Mexican pesos, which makes it easier to balance the currency risk. The commercial centers are seen as more risky because rents are paid in pesos, resulting in oskapyavane to 10 percent due to price risk. Shoping centers in Europe usually carry 4 percent to 5.75 percent yield on the details of Cushman & Wakefield Inc.
Stable economic growth in Mexico - gross domestic product growth of 3.8 percent last year, and close ties with the United States are among the main reasons for investments of Union Investment.
According to Torsten Mayer, a representative of Dean imobilien "(Deka Immobilien Investment GmbH), the company provides logistical property investments in good locations near airports, in offices and commercial areas in cities.
Munich real estate company "Kanam" (KanAm Group) also plans to tread the Mexican market this year, reported one of the executives - Michael Bernbaum. Most interest in our quality offices in cities like Mexico City. Since tenants pay in dollars, it reduces the currency risk, Bernbaum added.
5.Ford will build plant in Mexico
American automobile giant "Ford announced it would put 3 billion dollars in the construction of its new plant in Mexico - the biggest investment in the manufacturing sector of the Latin American country.
The decision is recognized as a serious attack on workers in the U.S., hoped that the new company will be built exactly there. From the company that for the last two years has registered losses amounting to 15 billion dollars, believe that the deployment of new facilities including in Mexico, where labor is cheaper, it is vital for the future of Ford. It is expected the new plant and certain other activities of the "Ford" to create 4500 jobs in Mexico.
The plant will produce a new small model "Fiesta" of Ford, who has experience of the company to enter boldly in the rapidly growing market svrahkompaktni vehicles with lower fuel consumption. The undertaking will be located near the capital Mexico and is expected to produce and release its first car in 2010.
"Ford, the second largest producer of automobiles in the U.S. incur significant losses on low demand and sharply increased fuel prices. Customers back from traditional business models as heavy-and light, and sports because of expensive fuel prices demolish housing estates and growing concern about the environment.
6. FIAT pledge of Mexico
The Italian company intends to position the plant in Mexico that serve markets in South and North America. Mexico is ideal for this purpose due to its strategic location, allowing the satisfaction of demand in both Americas.
Fiat needs production in North America, to fight with a weak dollar. That need is growing and the planned return of Alfa Romeo to the U.S. market at the end of 2009 from Fiat has already claimed a month ago its intention to produce Alfa Romeo in the U.S.. At the same time, demand in South America grew much faster than production capacity is able to meet.
7. Opel Astra will be produced in Mexico
The decision of General Motors to supply Opel Astra in the U.S. as a model of Saturn was before the rise of oil prices and to get to this unfavorable course of dollars. It seemed measured risk, but now visible damage to profitability and sales.
"The problem to some extent due to the price of the car. With a price of about 15 500 dollars Astra should have very strong sales, says Bob Lazh, vitsepredsedatel of GM.
But since the dollar fell a lot against the euro in 2007 and 2008, the price of Astra jump from the original 15 995 to 16 495 dollars - almost 1000 dollars or nearly 6.4 percent against the desired price.
And to avoid time with the introduction of cars in the U.S. and losses due to the weak dollar, GM plans to produce next-generation model in San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Assembly of the Astra in Mexico should reduce production costs and cost of transport model (at the time he arrives in Belgium).
This model of Opel should appear in 2011.
8. Specify the end of the quartet Brick
Five years ago economists from bank Goldman Sachs' offer international investors a new site for profitable investment of funds, which companies from China, Russia, India and Brazil in total investment package.
Group of countries with rapidly growing economies Brick (Brazil, Russia, India, China) soon may change the abbreviation of MRIK after Mexico change Brazil. In 2008 experts from the GTI turned to the rapidly growing market for the first time calculated its own index, which signals that block Brick is live through his role and needs replacement. Countries with the highest rate of growth of GDP as a rule are referred by economists to rapidly growing.
GTI analysts have decided to recognize in its index than the rate of growth of GDP and other indicators: the number of population growth prospects, index of human development potential of the United Nations, GDP per capita and participation in international economic relations.
"It was not only to calculate growth, but also the potential of countries to understand the role that the country will play in the future global economy," said the "RBK Daily" partners GTI Ivan Sapronov.
As a new investment objective Mexico suggested that as a consequence of ratings, already izprevarilo Brazil in general indicator of economic development.
Mexico currently has 12 free trade agreements with 43 countries worldwide, which contribute to increasing exports. The presence of highly qualified staff, well developed processing industry and assembly industries are plus for Mexico.
Neighbors with the United States also helps him breathe in the neck of Brick: over 85 percent of Mexican exports are directed to the shops of northern neighbor. However, this factor determines the dependence of Mexico jumble of the U.S. economy.
Mexico is the cheapest country in the world for business, shows survey of Key Em Pi Ji (KPMG).
Mexico -- Culture --
Mexico is a country of ancient culture indianska, separate features of which are preserved to this day.
The greatest of all ancient Indian culture is the culture of the Maya tribe. Mayan been wonderful builders and architects. They build self-stepped pramidi, temples, multistory plant. Flourishing of Mayan culture is related to IV-X century AC
In the northwestern part of Central America have built cities, states reached a high level of civilization - Bonampak, Chitsen Ittsa, Tikal, Kopan, Ushmal, Mayapan, Palenke. Are reserved huge temples complexes in the form of stepped pyramids walls which are decorated with frescoes and bas-relief, astonishing in its beauty and expression. (eg based on the pyramid in Cholula reaches 440 meters, the largest pyramid in the world).
Darkly disappearance of the Mayan civilization, could be caused by climate change, says The Times. To this conclusion was reached by a group of researchers at the German National Research Center in geology manager Herald Haug.
Scientists try to establish why in IX and X century on opposite ends of the Earth ednovremeno practically ceased to exist two of the greatest civilizations at that time. About Mayan empire and the fall of the Tang Dynasty Chinese dynasty from which the last period of feodalni mezhduosobitsi. History shows that the last emperor of the dynasty Tan died in 907 years, and last known Mayan calendar dates back to 903 years.
Later (XIII century) occurred culture Aztecs, who XV century to create mogashta Empire. Been developed medicine and astronomy, learned to extract and process non-ferrous metals. Aztecs had pismenost.Obache in 1521 of the Aztecs empire fell into hitting the Spanish conquerors. Their capital was destroyed, wealth spoiled.
In the south of the country is developing a culture of sapotekite (city of Monte Alban), the mishtekite (city Mitla), a Mexican Coast culture flourished olmekite left remarkable monumental sculptures, including strange stone heads with Negroid features and weighing several tons , Then izdyalani stone, which can be found in thousands of kilometers of the findings. Totonakite of culture are preserved religious and cultural centers and cities in central Mexico - Teotihuakan, Tahin.
In the second half of the first millennium with the highest degree of development of civilization is characterized toltekite (cities and Cholula Tolyan), left many cities with geometric layout with monumental facilities pyramid temples, children's games and ritualni plant lying in vaults and a arki ploskorelefni decorations, sculptures and stealth, grace and mural paintings in which images of the pantheon of drevnomeksikanskite religions united with symbolic patterns of anthropomorphic images and fantastic images. The little expression of terracotta and devices from semi-precious stones have reached perfection. Their civilization was destroyed by warlike tribes naua, which were and Aztecs, who founded the city of Tenochtitlan (now Mexico city) and in 15 century under his authority Central Mexico. Peak development reached crafts, construction, the fine arts.
In 1521 Hispanic zavladyavat Mexico and become the new elite colonially obshtestvo.Protichashtiyat during the colonization process of mixing different ethnic and economic development lead at the end of 19 century to the formation of the Mexican nation.
Mexico -- Political system, law and government --
Politics and domestic situation
Mexico is a federal republic. Constitution of the country has adopted on February 5, 1917 with subsequent additions.
Head of state and head of government is President of the Republic, elected for a term of 6 years without re-elected. Recent presidential and parliamentary elections were held on 02.07.2006 on
Senior legislative body is the National Congress, composed of the Chamber of Deputies, which consists of 500 members for a term of 3 years and the Chamber of Senators (Senate of the Republic), comprising 128 members for a term of 6 years.
Main political parties:
National Action Party (PAN) - right party that expresses the interests of large landowners and owners related to the U.S. capital.
Democratic Revolution Party (PRD) - left-centrist party formed in the month of May 1989 on the basis of democratic course of the PRI, the Mexican Socialist Party, revolyutsionnata Left Movement and other groups.
Institutional-revolutionary Party (PRI) - from its founding in 1929 until 2000 was the ruling party. Brings together representatives of different strata of Mexican society on the Liberal Reform and nationalist platform.
Environmental Green Party of Mexico (PVEM) - a new political formation, supported by representatives of the intelligentsia and the younger generation.
On July 2, 2000 PRI lost the presidential elections and Kesada Vicente Fox, candidate of the Alliance for Change coalition and leader of the PAN, was elected president of Mexico. In parallel held parliamentary and local elections, however, PRI retains a simple majority in both chambers of the National Congress with 208 members and 60 Senator (PAN - 207 and 46 DDA - 53 and 16 PVEM - 16 and 5 others - 16 and 1), and gubernatorial seats in most states of the country.
On July 6, 2004 are held each regular elections for Chamber of Deputies, again none of the political forces do not receive an absolute majority and the PRI increased its usual majority of 224 deputies, PAN - 153 PRD - 95 PVEM - 17 Other - 11. Local authorities PRI rule 19 of a total of 32 states, PAN - 8 and PRD - 5.
With the coming to power the government of President Fox directed their efforts towards democratization of socio-political relations in the country to combat crime and drug trafficking. In economic terms conduct highly restrictive budgetary policy, which aims to achieve financial stability. Put your order and reducing the state monopoly on petroleum and energy industry through the participation of private capital in these sectors. Government legislative initiatives in this direction, however, face insurmountable opposition from the PRI and the PRD.
Presidential elections held on July 2, 2006 were won by Felipe Calderon, candidate of the party managers president. The new Mexican president takes the idea of diversification and active foreign policy of Mexico, which is now concentrated on relations with the United States, and declares its ambition to become speaker of Mexico in Latin America in relations with Europe, the formula by which exercise foreign policy of the country is "a strong presence in the world in Mexico and Mexico in the world.
As a major goal of future management it indicates increasing prosperity of the Mexican people by attracting private investment, creating jobs, fighting poverty and drug trafficking and settle the matter with Mexican immigrants in the U.S.. The new Mexican president intends to continue the policy of economic stabilization conducted by the former president Vicente Fox. The cabinet was formed by experienced tehnokrati of national Action Party (PAN) and Institutional Revolutionary Party, (PRI).
After elections for the National Congress held on the same date, the ratio between the different parties in the Chamber of Deputies (500 total MP) is as follows:
National Action Party (PAN): 206 seats.
Left coalition "For the good of all": 179 seats, allocated as follows: Party of democratic revolution - 123 Green Party - 19 Party "Konverhensiya - 19 and Labor Party - 18.
Institutional-revolutionary Party (PRI): 104 seats.
Party "Nueva Alliance": 9 seats.
Party "Social and rural alternative": 4 seats.
In the 128 member Senate seats are allocated as follows:
National Action Party (PAN): 52 Senator.
Institutional-revolutionary Party (PRI): 33 Senator.
Party of the democratic revolution: 28 senator.
Green Party: 6 senator.
Party "Konverhensiya": 6 senator.
Labor Party: 2 senator.
Party "Nueva Alliance": 1 senator.